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Environmental Practices in the Wine Industry: An Empirical Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action and Stakeholder Theory in the United States and New Zealand
Journal of World Business (2010)
  • Scott Marshall, Portland State University
  • Michèle E.M. Akoorie, University of Waikato
  • Ralph Hamann, University of Cape Town
  • Paresha Sinha, University of Waikato
Industry transformation related to environmental stewardship has received significant scholarly attention over the past decade. However, limited theoretical and empirical work examines the motivations for improving environmental performance in an industry in different countries. In this paper, we develop a set of hypotheses, based in the theory of reasoned action and stakeholder theory, regarding drivers of the adoption of environmental practices in the wine industries of New Zealand and the United States. We test our hypotheses using data from survey questionnaires collected in each country. Our findings suggest that subjective norms and internal stakeholder pressures are common drivers of the adoption of environmental practices in these two countries. However, managerial attitudes and external stakeholder pressures are not significant drivers. We also find that managerial attitudes and export dependence are stronger determinants of environmental practice adoption in New Zealand compared to the U.S.
Publication Date
October, 2010
Citation Information
Marshall, R. Scott, Michele Akoorie, Ralph Hamann and Paresha Sinha. 2010. Environmental practices in the wine industry: An empirical application of the theory of reasoned action and stakeholder theory in the United States and New Zealand. Journal of World Business – Special Issue – Sustainable Business, 45: 405-414.