One of the hallmarks of Mullā Ṣadrā’s (d. 1050/1640) intellectual agenda is his attempt to reconcile rational thought with certain issues of theological sensitivity. Among such issues, the Qurʾanic doctrine of ‘the Return’ (maʿād) of the individual human soul united with the body in the afterlife has always attracted the attention of Muslim intellectuals and become one of the points of conflict between philosophers and theologians. Abū ʿAlī ibn Sīnā’s (d. 428/1037) pronouncement of disappointment with the possibility of rational arguments for bodily resurrection (al-maʿād al-jismānī) and Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad Ghazālī’s (d. 505/1111) dismissal of the former’s position on this issue, among some others, as blasphemous is the most frequently quoted example of the long-held tensions between philosophy and theology in Muslim history. In this respect, al-Kutubi has chosen an important subject matter for his book on Mullā Ṣadrā and discussed it in a comprehensive and balanced manner.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sayeh-meisami/5/