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Contribution to Book
International Treaties on Human Rights
  • Saumya Uma

The chapter provides an overview of international human rights norms and the dynamic relationship they share with domestic laws and standards. It includes a discussion on international treaties on human rights, how a human rights standard becomes a law and how international conventions are enforced. A clarification of key concepts such as signature, ratification, accession, reservation, declaration, optional protocol, periodic reports and shadow reports help demystify legal jargon related to international human rights. The chapter includes a compilation of information on major conventions, declarations, optional protocols and principles on human rights, in a tabular format, providing the reader with a bird’s eye view of the standards set by international human rights law. The chapter’s discussion on India’s engagement with major human rights treaties, and annexures (in a tabular format) on major conventions signed / ratified by India and details of reservations and declarations forwarded by the Indian government, would be interesting not only to students and educators in formal educational institutions, but also to human rights activists and defenders engaged in advocacy initiatives. A table compiling the outstanding requests from international human rights bodies for visiting India provides an overview of the extent of resistance of the Indian government for international scrutiny on its human rights situation.

  • international human rights,
  • treaties,
  • covenants,
  • conventions
Publication Date
June, 2009
Saumya Uma
Women's Research & Action Group (WRAG) and Documentation, Research and Training Centre (DRTC)
Citation Information
Saumya Uma. "International Treaties on Human Rights" MumbaiUNPACKAGING HUMAN RIGHTS: CONCEPTS, CAMPAIGNS & CONCERNS (2009)
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