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Article
Spatiotemporal Patterns in a Langmuir Monolayer Due To Driven Molecular Precession
Physical Review E
  • Satyendra Kumar, Kent State University - Kent Campus
  • R. K. Gupta
  • K. A. Suresh
  • L. M. Lopatina
  • R. L. B. Selinger, Kent State University - Kent Campus
  • Jonathan V. Selinger, Kent State University - Kent Campus
Publication Date
10-15-2008
Document Type
Article
DOI
669
Keywords
  • Orientation,
  • Microscopy,
  • Surfaces,
  • Films,
  • Tilt
Disciplines
Abstract
Langmuir monolayers of chiral liquid crystals on the surface of water exhibit orientational waves with complex spatiotemporal patterns. These patterns arise from a collective precession of the mesogenic molecules, driven by the evaporation of water through the monolayer. We investigate the behavior of these orientational waves around topological defects in the molecular orientation. Through Brewster angle microscopy, we find that the waves form a reversing spiral pattern, which rotates about the central vortex. With increasing relative humidity, the rotation slows and then stops. We model the system theoretically, and show that predicted patterns are in good agreement with the experiments.
Comments

Copyright 1992 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in J. Appl. Phys. 71, 664 (1992).

Citation Information
Satyendra Kumar, R. K. Gupta, K. A. Suresh, L. M. Lopatina, et al.. "Spatiotemporal Patterns in a Langmuir Monolayer Due To Driven Molecular Precession" Physical Review E Vol. 71 Iss. 2 (2008) - 664
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/satyendra_kumar/9/