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BIONANO FRONTIER (2012)
  • Satish Bhalerao, Wilson College
Abstract
Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd. ex Del. Is well known multipurpose medicinal tree belongs to the family Leguminosae and subfamily Mimosaceae. It is commonly known as Gum Arabic or Babul tree. The species is widespread in Africa and Asia. It is moderate sized spiny evergreen tree. In traditional practice the plant is used for treatment of tuberculosis, pneumonia, gonorrhea and small pox. Ethnobotanical study reported the plant to be most frequently used for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Plant parts such as bark, leaves, pods and flowers are used against cancer, cold, congestion, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, leprosy. Acacia nilotica (Linn.) have been reported to contain alkaloids, flavanoids, gum, fatty acids and tannins. It also contains arabin, a compound of Arabic acid with calcium, magnesium and potassium. The plant found to present significant antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiarrhoeal, anticancer and antimutagenic activities. It also shows antihelmintic, antidiabetic and anti -inflammatory activity. This review spotlights on the morphology, phytochemical composition, ethnobotany and pharmacological evaluation of this plant.
Keywords
  • Acacia nilotica (Linn.),
  • pharmacological properties,
  • ethnobotany,
  • antioxidant,
  • antimicrobial,
  • antihelmintic
Disciplines
Publication Date
Winter November 10, 2012
Citation Information
Satish Bhalerao. "15.pdf" BIONANO FRONTIER Vol. 5 Iss. 2 (2012) p. 50 - 53 ISSN: ISSN 0974-0678
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/satish-bhalerao/21/