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Observations of Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on the Spitzer Space Telescope: Early Results on Markarian 1014, Markarian 463, and UGC 5101*
The Astrophysical Journal (2004)
  • L. Armus, California Institute of Technology
  • V. Charmandaris, Cornell University
  • H. W. W. Spoon, Cornell University
  • J. R. Houck, Cornell University
  • B. T. Soifer, California Institute of Technology
  • B. R. Brandl, Leiden University
  • P. N. Appleton, California Institute of Technology
  • H. I. Teplitz, California Institute of Technology
  • Sarah J.U. Higdon, Cornell University
  • D. W. Weedman, Cornell University
  • D. Devost, Cornell University
  • P. W. Morris, California Institute of Technology
  • K. I. Uchida, Cornell University
  • J. van Cleve, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation
  • D. J. Barry, Cornell University
  • G. C. Sloan, Cornell University
  • C. J. Grillmair, California Institute of Technology
  • M. J. Burgdorf, California Institute of Technology
  • S. B. Fajardo-Acosta, California Institute of Technology
  • J. G. Ingalls, California Institute of Technology
  • J. L. Higdon, Cornell University
  • L. Hao, Cornell University
  • J. Bernard-Salas, Cornell University
  • T. L. Herter, Cornell University
  • J. Troeltzsch, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation
  • B. Unruth, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation
  • M. Winghart, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation
Abstract
We present spectra taken with the Infrared Spectrograph on the Spitzer Space Telescope covering the 5–38 m region of three ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs): Mrk 1014 (z ¼ 0:163), Mrk 463 (z ¼ 0:051), and UGC 5101 (z ¼ 0:039). The continua of UGC 5101 and Mrk 463 show strong silicate absorption suggesting significant optical depths to the nuclei at 10 m. UGC 5101 also shows the clear presence of water ice in absorption. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission features are seen in both Mrk 1014 and UGC 5101, including the 16.4 m line in UGC 5101. The fine-structure lines are consistent with dominant active galactic nucleus (AGN) power sources in both Mrk 1014 and Mrk 463. In UGC 5101 we detect the [Ne v] 14.3 m emission line, providing the first direct evidence for a buried AGN in the mid-infrared. The detection of the 9.66 m and 17.03 m H2 emission lines in both UGC 5101 and Mrk 463 suggest that the warm molecular gas accounts for 22% and 48% of the total molecular gas masses in these galaxies.
Keywords
  • Galaxies,
  • Active,
  • Individual,
  • Seyfert,
  • Starburst,
  • Infrared,
  • Quasars,
  • General
Publication Date
September, 2004
DOI
10.1086/422915
Citation Information
L. Armus, V. Charmandaris, H. W. W. Spoon, J. R. Houck, et al.. "Observations of Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on the Spitzer Space Telescope: Early Results on Markarian 1014, Markarian 463, and UGC 5101*" The Astrophysical Journal Vol. 154 Iss. 1 (2004) p. 178 - 183
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sarah_higdon/28/