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Article
The Massachusetts BMI letter: A qualitative study of responses from parents of obese children
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  • Sarah Goff, MD, Baystate Health
Document Type
Article, Peer-reviewed
Publication Date
2-1-2014
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Massachusetts (MA) public schools conduct mandated body-mass index (BMI) screening and until recently, communicated results in a letter to parents/caregivers, to encourage primary care visits and provide aggregate data to the state Department of Public Health. This study assessed the letter's readability and qualitatively explored parents' responses to it. METHODS: Readability of the BMI letter was calculated. Audio-taped 1-h focus groups were conducted with parents/caregivers of 8- to 14-year-old obese (≥95th BMI-for-age percentile) children. A semi-structured interview guide was used to elicit responses. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on transcripts to identify emergent themes. RESULTS: Readability analysis showed higher grade levels than recommended. Eight focus groups consisting of two to six parents each were conducted (n=29); 83% were female, mean age 41±9years, and 65% self-identified as Hispanic/Latino. Key themes identified included usefulness of the BMI letter, concerns about utility of BMI for screening, concerns about impacting self-esteem, and failure to understand the letter. CONCLUSIONS: The MA BMI letter may not have been achieving its desired goal with some parents. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Emergent themes from this study could be used to test effectiveness of similar BMI letters nationwide and develop strategies to improve communication to parents.
Citation Information
Moyer LJ, Carbone ET, Anliker JA, Goff SL. The Massachusetts BMI letter: A qualitative study of responses from parents of obese children. Patient Educ Couns. 2014 Feb;94(2):210-7.