Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is diabetes that is diagnosed during the second or third trimester of pregnancy and is not clearly overt diabetes (1). Diagnosis is defined by severity of carbohydrate intolerance. The upper end of the GDM diagnostic glucose range is the same as would be indicative of diabetes outside of pregnancy, whereas the lower end of the GDM range is only slightly above normal and asymptomatic but still associated with increased risk of fetal morbidity (1,2). Diabetes during pregnancy is diagnosed by either a one-step approach involving a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) or a two-step approach starting with a 50-g (nonfasting) screen followed by a 100-g OGTT for those who initially screen positive (1). Glycemic goals for patients with a GDM diagnosis are as follows: preprandial ≤95 mg/dL and either 1-hour postprandial ≤140 mg/dL or 2-hour postprandial ≤120 mg/dL.
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