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Unpublished Paper
Trench Warfare between 1776 and 1918
  • Samuel W Bettwy, Thomas Jefferson School of Law

In large part, the devastation of WWI on human life can be blamed on trench warfare and the failure of European military observers, especially the British and the French, to recognize the need to adapt offensive strategies. Several instances of trench warfare appeared from the eighteenth century until the advent of WWI, but the Europeans consistently discounted its significance. They regarded the use of trench warfare during the Revolutionary and Civil Wars in the United States to be an American phenomenon that was inapplicable to European strategies.

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Samuel W Bettwy. "Trench Warfare between 1776 and 1918" (2000)
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