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Sex Differences within the Family: Studies of Adolescent and Parent Family Interactions
Journal of Youth and Adolescence (1987)
  • Stuart T. Hauser
  • Barbara K. Book
  • John Houlihan
  • Sally I. Powers, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • Bedonna Weiss-Perry
  • Donna Follansbee
  • Alan M. Jacobson
  • Gil G. Noam
Sex differences in verbal family interactions were investigated in a group of 79 adolescents and parents from normal and psychiatric settings. The analyses were designed to study these differences in both generations, parent and adolescent. Parent and adolescent interactions with one another were observed in a semistructured, revealed-differences family discussion. All of the individual speeches were then scored with our Constraining and Enabling Coding System (CECS). Initial predictions involved both adolescent and parent differences. These hypotheses were only partially confirmed. The strongest findings pertained to parent sex differences, as we found strikingly higher levels of cognitive enabling speeches expressed by fathers and significantly more speeches addressed to fathers. We discuss several alternative interpretations of these findings. Perspectives included in our considerations are direction of effect and influences of task/context upon the expression of family sex differences.
Publication Date
June, 1987
Publisher Statement
DOI: 10.1007/BF02139091
Citation Information
Stuart T. Hauser, Barbara K. Book, John Houlihan, Sally I. Powers, et al.. "Sex Differences within the Family: Studies of Adolescent and Parent Family Interactions" Journal of Youth and Adolescence Vol. 16 Iss. 3 (1987)
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