This paper presents a novel network architecture, termed neXt-generation CHAllenged NeTwork (X-CHANT), for improving connectivity in rural environments. The underlying idea is to deploy diverse Dynamic Spectrum Access (d-DSA) radio devices on the public transportation vehicles, such as buses. This results in a d-DSA enabled delay-tolerant network in which the devices can operate in various (un)licensed bands (e.g., TV, LTE, ISM, CBRS), if available. Given the lack of research in efficient routing for such time-varying d-DSA enabled networks, we propose a novel diverse DSA aware routing (dDSAaR) protocol that jointly exploits various (un)licensed bands besides the time-varying yet sufficiently predictable mobility of public transportation vehicles. We compare X-CHANT, utilizing dDSAaR, to the conventional non-DSA/DSA architectures, utilizing a standard (single band) routing protocol (e.g., Epidemic). We use real bus mobility traces collected at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst campus. Results show that X-CHANT achieves better message delivery, negligible message overhead, and better energy expenditure, at the expense of a slight increase in delay. Never-theless, the delay improves with higher predictable mobility.
- Challenged networks,
- Dynamic spectrum access,
- Rural connectivity,
- Space-time-band graph
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sajal-das/140/