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Unpublished Paper
Contextual assessment of women empowerment and its determinants: Evidence from Pakistan
Business papers (2011)
  • Safdar Ullah Khan, Bond University
  • Rabia Awan
Abstract

The main objective of this study is to evaluate women empowerment in different contexts of family planning and economic decision making within the household. Further this paper investigates its appropriate determinants sifting through sociology resource control theory and economic bargaining theory by controlling for socio-cultural intervening factors. We examine this empirically by utilizing extensive micro level data information (15,453 households) from ‘Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey’ (PSLM) for the year of 2005-06. Results suggest the presence of highly constrained and largely dichotomous empowerment within the household. Interestingly, we find that the number of children however not the sex of a child relevant in enhancing women’s empowerment. Further, the common determinants of empowerment depict varying degree of effectiveness depending on the specific context of empowerment. Moreover, socio-economic, level of education and employment status of a woman depict as effect modifier factors across the empowerment contexts and regions. Furthermore, geographic divisions within Pakistan, significantly explain the contextual empowerment of women.

Keywords
  • contextual empowerment,
  • family planning decision making,
  • economic decision
Disciplines
Publication Date
May 11, 2011
Comments

Submitted Version.

Khan, S. U., & Awan, R. (2011). Contextual assessment of women empowerment and its determinants: Evidence from Pakistan. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA), MPRA Paper no. 30820, pp. 1-30.

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© Copyright S. U. Khan & R. Awan, 2011

Citation Information
Safdar Ullah Khan and Rabia Awan. "Contextual assessment of women empowerment and its determinants: Evidence from Pakistan" Business papers (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/safdar_khan/23/