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Potential and Viability of Renewable Energy from Human Waste: An Exploratory Analysis for India
(2016)
  • Sacchidananda Mukherjee
  • Debashis Chakraborty
Abstract
With rise in population and urbanisation, the urge to ensure energy security both for the rural and urban areas has emerged as a major challenge in India. This article explores the possibilities of recovering energy and nutrients from human waste. Presently the system of human waste collection and disposal system in India is not adequate and creates several public health hazards as well as sustainability challenges. Collection and disposal of human waste is integrally linked with key government initiatives like Provision for Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), National Urban Health Mission (NUHM), National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), ‘Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan’ (NBA) and ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ (SBM). The collected human waste can be utilized for generating biogas, which can be used both directly for various purposes and indirectly for electricity generation. The analysis surveys various alternative technologies available for human waste based biogas generation system, given the nature of feed stock used in the biogas plant, process of drying /enriching the solid content of sewage and end use, and attempts to identify the best possible option for India. The analysis recommends that the cost of energy generation can be financed through various channels, including budgetary resources, the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) and private participation.
Keywords
  • biogas generation,
  • human waste management,
  • renewable energy,
  • sanitation
Publication Date
August, 2016
Publisher
DST-Centre for Policy Research, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
Series
Working Paper Series No. 9
ISBN
9789386110053
Publisher Statement
All rights reserved. Neither this report nor any part may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, recording, or information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher and author.
Citation Information
Mukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty (2016), "Potential and Viability of Renewable Energy from Human Waste: An Exploratory Analysis for India", DST-CPR Working Paper Series No. 9, DST-Centre for Policy Research, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-NC-ND International License.