Potential and Viability of Renewable Energy from Human Waste: An Exploratory Analysis for India(2016)
With rise in population and urbanisation, the urge to ensure energy security both for the rural and urban areas has emerged as a major challenge in India. This article explores the possibilities of recovering energy and nutrients from human waste. Presently the system of human waste collection and disposal system in India is not adequate and creates several public health hazards as well as sustainability challenges. Collection and disposal of human waste is integrally linked with key government initiatives like Provision for Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), National Urban Health Mission (NUHM), National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), ‘Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan’ (NBA) and ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ (SBM). The collected human waste can be utilized for generating biogas, which can be used both directly for various purposes and indirectly for electricity generation. The analysis surveys various alternative technologies available for human waste based biogas generation system, given the nature of feed stock used in the biogas plant, process of drying /enriching the solid content of sewage and end use, and attempts to identify the best possible option for India. The analysis recommends that the cost of energy generation can be financed through various channels, including budgetary resources, the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) and private participation.
- biogas generation,
- human waste management,
- renewable energy,
Publication DateAugust, 2016
PublisherDST-Centre for Policy Research, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
SeriesWorking Paper Series No. 9
Citation InformationMukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty (2016), "Potential and Viability of Renewable Energy from Human Waste: An Exploratory Analysis for India", DST-CPR Working Paper Series No. 9, DST-Centre for Policy Research, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
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