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Walking a Thin Line between Growth and Development Concerns? Environmental Governance in India
Environmental Challenges and Governance: Diverse perspectives from Asia (2015)
  • Sacchidananda Mukherjee
  • Debashis Chakraborty
Abstract
This chapter notes that environmental concerns in India are not sector-specific and every economic activity is notionally associated with potential environmental repercussions. While the focus during fifties and sixties remained largely growth-centric, since seventies environmental considerations started getting integrated in policy. This orientation deepened after Bhopal Gas Tragedy (1984) and the regulatory framework was subsequently strengthened. Since the adoption of outward-oriented growth strategy in early nineties, India has witnessed an enviable GDP growth path, which has also been accompanied by industrialization, urbanization, growing demand for energy products, emissions etc. In addition to the development process related challenges, the growing population also led to increasing pressure on land, water and other life-supporting eco-system. Responding to these challenges, the regulatory framework for protecting natural resources and environment in recent years lays greater stress on participatory approach, so as to involve the stakeholders in the conservation process. Judicial pro-activism in environmental concerns deserves special mention, which has contributed significantly in ensuring policy intervention and enhancing people’s awareness. The analysis concludes that despite the achievements over the last decade, there is considerable scope to improve the environmental governance framework in line with the evolving environmental challenges and changing structure of Indian economy, which require immediate attention of the policymakers.
Keywords
  • Environment & the Developing World,
  • Environmental Economics,
  • Economics and Development,
  • Asian Economics,
  • Asian Development,
  • Development Economics,
  • Economics
Publication Date
March 9, 2015
Editor
Mukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty
Publisher
Routledge
Series
Routledge Studies in Ecological Economics
ISBN
9780415721905
Citation Information
Mukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty (2015), "Walking a Thin Line between Growth and Development Concerns? Environmental Governance in India" in Mukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty (eds.), Environmental Challenges and Governance: Diverse perspectives from Asia, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, Chapter 3, pp. 49-74.