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Article
Is environmental sustainability influenced by socioeconomic and sociopolitical factors? cross-country empirical evidence
Sustainable Development (2013)
  • Sacchidananda Mukherjee
  • Debashis Chakraborty
Abstract
The current study attempts to understand the relationships among Environmental Quality (EQ), Human Development(HD) and political and governance regimes in a cross-country framework through secondary data analysis. The underlying hypothesis is that in addition to income, as reflected from the literature on the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis, several other factors, including socioeconomic (e.g. human development and corruption) and sociopolitical (e.g. ability to exercise democratic rights) factors, may influence environmental policy-making, and thereby environmental sustainability, in a country. The EQ (i.e. environmental sustainability) of the countries in the current study is denoted by their Environmental Performance Index (2008). Human development is represented by Human Development Index (2007). Democracy Index (2008) and Corruption Perceptions Index (2008) are considered as proxies for political transparency in a country and its susceptibility to rent-seeking activities, respectively. The cross-country empirical findings confirm the closer association between the socioeconomic and sociopolitical factors and sustainable development.
Keywords
  • environmental sustainability,
  • human development;,
  • economic growth,
  • democracy,
  • corruption,
  • environmental Kuznets curve,
  • environmental policy
Publication Date
December 19, 2013
Publisher Statement
Publication History: Issue published online: 19 DEC 2013, Article first published online: 7 DEC 2010, Manuscript Accepted: 11 OCT 2010, Manuscript Revised: 5 OCT 2010, Manuscript Received: 14 APR 2010.
Citation Information
Mukherjee, Sacchidananda and Debashis Chakraborty (2013), "Is environmental sustainability influenced by socioeconomic and sociopolitical factors? cross-country empirical evidence", Sustainable Development, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 353-371.