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Article
Abolishing the Missing-Claim Rule for Judicial Cancellations
Texas Intellectual Property Law Journal (2010)
  • Ryan G. Vacca, University of Akron School of Law
Abstract

This article questions why some courts that have already found a federally registered trademark invalid refuse to cancel the registration despite having the authority to do so under § 37 of the Lanham Act. Examination of cases involving judicial cancellations reveals that a failure to assert cancellation as a claim, as opposed to a variety of other methods of requesting cancellation, is the reason courts refuse to exercise their power under § 37 - referred to as the missing-claim rule. This article criticizes the missing-claim rule as illogical and frustrating trademark law's purpose and proposes the missing-claim rule be abolished, that courts should invoke their power under § 37 sua sponte, and that on appeal, a failure to cancel under § 37 when invalidity has been established would be considered a per se abuse of discretion. These proposals complement trademark law's underlying policy, appropriately balance the burdens on the courts and U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, and do not present the typical objections to sua sponte action. In addition, these proposals can be adopted without amending the text of § 37, although an amendment is suggested if the courts refuse to adopt such practices.

Keywords
  • trademark,
  • cancellation,
  • cancelation,
  • missing-claim rule,
  • 37,
  • 1119,
  • sua sponte,
  • TTAB,
  • invalid,
  • invalidity,
  • Lanham Act,
  • generic,
  • merely descriptive,
  • functional
Disciplines
Publication Date
Winter January, 2010
Citation Information
18 Tex. Intell. Prop. L.J. 297 (2010).