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Construct Validity of the Bender-Gestalt II: Comparison with Wechlser Intelligence Scale for Children-III
Perceptual and Motor Skills (2006)
  • Ryan A. Allen, John Carroll University
  • Scott L. Decker
  • James P. Choca

This study investigated the relationships of visuomotor constructs as measured by the Bender-Gestalt II with the subtests of the WISC-III. A factor analysis included the standardized Copy and Recall scores of the Bender-Gestalt II and subtest scores of the WISC-III. The Copy score was predicted to load on measures of visual and spatial thinking and the Recall score on a short-term memory factor. The results of a principal components analysis suggest a four-factor solution with the Bender-Gestalt II Copy score loading on a visual and spatial thinking factor primarily with WISC-III Perceptual Organization subtests. The Recall score loaded on a visual and spatial thinking factor as well as a short-term memory factor with the WISC-III Digit Span subtest. The results suggest the Bender-Gestalt II Copy subtest shared commonality with the visual and spatial tasks given the similarity in the visuomotor demands of each test and was less influenced by processing speed or cultural knowledge than other tests on the visual and spatial thinking factor. Also, results suggest Bender-Gestalt II Recall measures elements of both visual and spatial thinking as well as aspects of short-term memory and memory retrieval. Clinical guidelines for co-administration and underlying processing demands are discussed.

  • construct validity,
  • bender-gestalt,
  • comparison,
  • Wechsler intelligence scale for children-III,
  • factor analysis,
  • spatial thinking,
  • visuomotor constructs
Publication Date
February, 2006
Citation Information
Ryan A. Allen, Scott L. Decker and James P. Choca. "Construct Validity of the Bender-Gestalt II: Comparison with Wechlser Intelligence Scale for Children-III" Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol. 102 Iss. 1 (2006)
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