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Spiritual Development and Education: A Sequential Mixed-Methods Approach
Religion & Education (2014)
  • Russell Yocum, Liberty University
Building upon autoethnographically generated data and Maslow’s writings, a Spiritual Needs=Motivation=Volition Framework was constructed and subsequently validated via a sequential mixed-methods research design. A Likert-type survey instrument was developed and distributed to 139 undergraduate student respondents to quantitatively describe the relationships between the components of the framework. Respondents whose survey answers indicated that spirituality played a role in their lives were then invited to participate in one-on-one and focus group interviews to further clarify the relationships of the framework components and help develop a more phenomenological understanding of spirituality and its intersection with education.
  • Maslow's Hierarchy,
  • Spiritual Development,
  • Spiritual Needs,
  • Spiritual Illiteracy,
  • Spiritual Self-Actualization,
  • Mixed-methods,
  • Religion,
  • Education
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Publisher Statement
To cite this article: Russell Yocum (2014) Spiritual Development and Education: A Sequential Mixed- Methods Approach, Religion & Education, 41:1, 80-99, DOI: 10.1080/15507394.2012.716351 To link to this article:
Citation Information
Russell Yocum. "Spiritual Development and Education: A Sequential Mixed-Methods Approach" Religion & Education Vol. 41 Iss. 1 (2014)
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