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Sex Pheromone of the Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, and Its Potential Use in Semiochemical-Based Control
Environmental Entomology
  • Junwei Zhu, MSTRS Technologies, Inc.
  • Aijun Zhang, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Kye-chung Park, Iowa State University
  • Tom Baker, MSTRS Tecnologies, Inc.
  • Brian J. Lang, Iowa State University
  • Russell A. Jurenka, Iowa State University
  • John J. Obrycki, Iowa State University
  • William R. Graves, Iowa State University
  • J. A. Pickett, Rothamsted Research
  • D. Smiley, Rothamsted Research
  • Kamlesh R. Chauhan, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Jerome A. Klun, United States Department of Agriculture
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
4-1-2006
DOI
10.1603/0046-225X-35.2.249
Abstract

The newly invasive soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has seriously threatened soybean production in North America, after having spread to >20 states in the United States and several southern provinces of Canada. Control of A. glycineshas focused on applications of insecticides, which are not a long-term solution to soybean aphid pest management. In autumn, soybean aphids start producing alate females (gynoparae) that search for their overwintering host plants, the common buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica. The gynoparae then produce pheromone-emitting wingless female offspring (oviparae) that attract male aphids. In this study, we report the chemical identification of the soybean aphid sex pheromone using gas chromatography–electroantennogram, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Behavioral activities of males and gynoparous females in the field were also characterized. The potential applications using formulations containing specific soybean aphid pheromone compositions for reducing overwintering populations are discussed.

Comments

This article is from Environmental Entomology 35 (2006): 249–257, doi:10.1603/0046-225X-35.2.249. Posted with permission.

Rights
This article is the copyright property of the Entomological Society of America and may not be used for any commercial or other private purpose without specific written permission of the Entomological Society of America.
Copyright Owner
Entomological Society of America
Language
en
Date Available
2013-11-21
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Junwei Zhu, Aijun Zhang, Kye-chung Park, Tom Baker, et al.. "Sex Pheromone of the Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, and Its Potential Use in Semiochemical-Based Control" Environmental Entomology Vol. 35 Iss. 2 (2006) p. 249 - 257
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/russell_jurenka/2/