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Herbicide and Nitrate in Surface and Ground Water: Results from the Iowa Management Systems Evaluation Area
Water Quality Assessments in the Mississippi Delta
  • Thomas B. Moorman, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Jerry L. Hatfield, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Iowa State University
Document Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
4-13-2004
DOI
10.1021/bk-2004-0877.ch017
Abstract

Herbicides are transported through subsurface drainage to surface waters from corn-growing areas of the USA and Canada. Herbicide losses are highly variable, ranging between 0.01 to 10 g/ha. The magnitude of herbicide loss results from precipitation patterns, herbicide-soil interactions, and farming practices. This report reviews existing literature and presents new research concerning effects of farming practices on herbicide losses in drainage water. Conservation tillage practices which increase infiltration tend to increase herbicide losses. Increasing intensity of drainage and increased frequency and rate of herbicide use also increase herbicide losses. Banding lowers the application rate and reduces annual losses and average concentrations of atrazine compared to broadcast applications. Metolachlor losses were reduced by banding, but the effect was only statistically significant in continuous corn systems.

Comments

This book chapter is from ACS Symposium Series 877 (2004): 235–248, doi:10.1021/bk-2004-0877.ch017.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2014-09-21
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Thomas B. Moorman, Jerry L. Hatfield and Rameshwar S. Kanwar. "Herbicide and Nitrate in Surface and Ground Water: Results from the Iowa Management Systems Evaluation Area" Water Quality Assessments in the Mississippi Delta Vol. ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 877 (2004) p. 235 - 248
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/rskanwar/45/