SASA Paper TUKS 2011Migration (1) REV 7-1-2011.docUniversity of Pretoria (2011)
As economies have become more global and knowledge-based, governments and businesses have endeavored to locate and invest in high-skilled workers to increase productivity, growth and profit. There is a paucity of existing research about these effects related to Canada and South Africa and this study examined factors of influence of the migration patterns and the brain gain-brain drain phenomenon occurring within these two countries. Migration is often analyzed in the context of the "push-pull" model and the network model; these models formed the theoretic conceptual framework for this study of migrating knowledge workers in Canada and South Africa. In addition, the research attempts to draw a relationship between demographic factors (e.g. age, gender and income) and the migration of knowledge workers.
This research was primarily a descriptive, deductive study using a historical procedure approach which collected secondary data and analyzed the data in a critical review of related literature. However, interviews of nine knowledge workers were also used as case studies to provide inductive empirical illustrations of the role of push and pull, network and demographic factors in the migration of knowledge workers. Theorems, as a basic proposition type, were formulated to further guide the research.
- Knowledge Workers,
- South Africa,
Publication DateSummer July 13, 2011
LocationSouth Africa, Pretoria
Citation InformationThe globalisation of economies and the emergence of a knowledge-based economy have attracted increasing attention to workforce mobility. Governments and businesses have endeavoured to locate and invest in high-skilled workers for the knowledge-based economy to increase productivity, growth and profit (Bauder, 2006). Gera et al. (2004) defined high-skilled workers as individuals in knowledge-intensive professions such as science and technology workers, engineers, information technology specialists, physicians, nurses, graduate and post-doctoral students, scholars and researchers and high-level administrators and managers.
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