A systematic review of occupational therapy interventions in the transition from homelessness.pdfSCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY (2020)
Background: Although systematic and scoping reviews have identified a range of interventions
for persons experiencing homelessness, no known reviews have captured the range and quality
of intervention studies aimed at supporting a transition from homelessness.
Objectives: To capture the range and quality of occupational therapy intervention studies
aimed at supporting a transition to housing following homelessness.
Method: Using Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) guidelines, we conducted a systematic review
including a critical appraisal and narrative synthesis of experimental studies.
Results: Eleven studies were included. Critical appraisal scores ranged from 33.3 to 88.9 of a
possible score of 100 (Mdn . 62.5; IQR . 33.4). The majority of studies evaluated interventions
for the development of life skills (n.9; 81.8%), and all were conducted in the USA. Several of
the included studies were exploratory evaluation and feasibility studies, and all were quasiexperimental
in design. Only three studies (27.2%) incorporated a control group. Intervention
strategies included (1) integrated group and individual life skills interventions (n.6); (2) groupbased
life skills interventions (n.3); and (3) psychosocial and consultative interventions (n.2).
Conclusions: Research evaluating occupational therapy interventions aimed at supporting
homeless individuals as they transition to housing is in an early stage of development.
Significance: Implications for research and practice are discussed.
- Homeless persons; activities of daily living; occupational therapy; meaningful engagement; systematic review
Publication DateMay, 2020
Citation InformationRoxanne Isard. "A systematic review of occupational therapy interventions in the transition from homelessness.pdf" SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Vol. 28 Iss. 3 (2020) p. 171 - 187 ISSN: 1103-8128 (Print) 1651-2014
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/roxanne-isard/1/