With globalisation integrating the world as never before, the ideal of "all under Heaven are one" finds a vehicle through such modern-day realities as instantaneous communications, the global economy, and international travel. Facilitated by these technologically enhanced channels of communication, people are now organising themselves along global lines. Multinational companies ranging from fast foods like McDonald’s and KFC to computer giants like IBM have permeated the planet with their business outlets. So has international governance even if there is no world government as such. The United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organisation (WTO), which has been likened to an "Economic United Nations," are at the forefront of global governance. They are joined by international courts, various regional organisations like the European Union (EU), plus companying system of "regimes," dealing with a range of issues from arms control to trade liberalisation. Alongside these international governmental organisations--that is, organisations whose members are nation-states--are international non-governmental organisations. Commonly called NGOs, they also deal with issues, but from a membership structure which is not representative of the "official" world. Rather, the non- "official" world balances and complements the structures of official governance, with the work of unaffiliated interest groups. Examples are the relief agencies (among them, World Vision and Community Aid Abroad) that come to the rescue of war-torn and famine-stricken countries, and the environmental bodies we often hear about through the global media. With so much economic, political, social and cultural activity being undertaken on an international basis, it is fair to say that the infrastructure for "all under Heaven" is largely in, place, even if the morality of peace-loving unity is still to be realised. To use a computing metaphor as befits the times, globalisation provides the "hardware," but we need to install the ethical "software." Confucianism, it is argued in this chapter, provides such "software".
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