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Article
Air pollution, economic development of communities, and health status among the elderly in urban China.
American Journal of Epidemiology
  • Rongjun Sun, Cleveland State University
  • Danan Gu, Portland State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2008
Abstract
In Western societies, the impact of air pollution on residents' health is higher in less wealthy communities. However, it is not clear whether such an interaction effect applies to developing countries. The authors examine how the level of community development modifies the impact of air pollution on health outcomes of the Chinese elderly using data from the third wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Survey in 2002, which includes 7,358 elderly residents aged 65 or more years from 735 districts in 171 cities. The results show that, compared with a 1-point increase in the air pollution index in urban areas with a low gross domestic product, a similar increase in the air pollution index in areas with a high gross domestic product is associated with more difficulties in activities of daily living (odds ratio = 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.09, 1.83), instrumental activities of daily living (linear coefficient = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.58, 1.37), and cognitive function (linear coefficient = 2.67, 95% CI: 1.97, 3.36), as well as a higher level of self-rated poor health (odds ratio = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.68, 2.86). Contrary to what has been found in the West, Chinese elderly who live in more developed urban areas are more susceptible to the effect of air pollution than are their counterparts living in less developed areas.
DOI
10.1093/aje/kwn260
Citation Information
Rongjun Sun and Danan Gu. "Air pollution, economic development of communities, and health status among the elderly in urban China." American Journal of Epidemiology Vol. 168 Iss. 11 (2008) p. 1311 - 1318
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/rongjun_sun/11/