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Article
Molecular Analysis of Primary Vapor and Char Products during Stepwise Pyrolysis of Poplar Biomass
Energy Fuels
  • Roger W. Jones, Iowa State University
  • Tonu Reinot, Iowa State University
  • John F. McClelland, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-16-2010
DOI
10.1021/ef100655n
Abstract

Pyrolysis of biomass produces both pyrolysis oil and solid char. In this study, poplar has been pyrolyzed in a stepwise fashion over a series of temperatures from 200 to 500 °C, and both the primary products contributing to pyrolysis oil and the changes in the pyrolyzing poplar surface leading toward char have been characterized at each step. The primary products were identified by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry, and the changes in the poplar surface were monitored using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) photoacoustic spectroscopy, with a sampling depth of a few micrometers. The primary products from pyrolyzing cellulose, xylan, and lignin under similar conditions were also characterized to identify the sources of the poplar products.

Comments

Reprinted with permission from Energy Fuels 24 (2010): 5199–5209, doi:10.1021/ef100655n. Copyright 2010 American Chemical Society.

Copyright Owner
American Chemical Society
Language
en
Date Available
2014-08-21
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Roger W. Jones, Tonu Reinot and John F. McClelland. "Molecular Analysis of Primary Vapor and Char Products during Stepwise Pyrolysis of Poplar Biomass" Energy Fuels Vol. 24 Iss. 9 (2010) p. 5199 - 5209
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/roger_jones/5/