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Collaboration as pathway for Sustainability
Sustainable Development (2007)
  • Rodrigo Lozano

Conventional individualistic behaviours with their quest for profit maximization and wealth accumulation have created economic, environmental and social imbalances in today’s world. These imbalances threaten to become worse in the coming years, decades and centuries. Calls and efforts towards sustainable development (SD) seek to establish a dynamic equilibrium among these elements. One of the key elements in the transition towards more sustainable societies is collaboration.

This research presents three game theory tools to help rationalize that collaborative behaviours offer better results than individualistic ones. The first presented is the prisoners’ dilemma. The second is the tragedy of the commons, a tool similar to the prisoners’ dilemma but with more actors increasing the complexity. The third, the Nash equilibrium, offers a mathematical way to attempt to reach a system’s optimum, i.e. to obtain the result that would in a totality benefit all the players. The tools are linked to SD problems.

  • sustainable development,
  • collaboration,
  • game theory,
  • prisoners’ dilemma,
  • tragedy of the commons,
  • Nash equilibrium,
  • Homo Oeconomicus,
  • Homo Socii-collaboratibus
Publication Date
November, 2007
Citation Information
Rodrigo Lozano. "Collaboration as pathway for Sustainability" Sustainable Development (2007)
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