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Dog kidney: Anatomical relationships between intrarenal arteries and kidney collecting system.
The Anatomical Record (2007)
  • BPS Marques-Sampaio
  • MA Pereira-Sampaio
  • Robert W Henry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Luciano Favorito
  • FJB Sampaio
Abstract
The detailed findings of canine intrarenal anatomy (collecting system and arteries) are presented. Ninety-five three-dimensional endocasts of the kidney collecting system together with the intrarenal arteries were prepared using standard injection–corrosion techniques and were studied. A single renal artery was observed in 88.4% of the casts. The renal artery divided into a dorsal and a ventral branch. Using the branching pattern of the ventral and dorsal divisions of the renal artery, the vessels were classified in type I or type II. Type I presented a cranial and a caudal artery, whereas type II presented a mesorenal and a caudal artery. Cranial branches of dorsal and ventral arteries supplied the cranial pole in 90.5% of the specimens. Caudal branches of the dorsal and the ventral divisions of the renal artery irrigated both the caudal pole and the mid-zone of the kidney in 95.8% and 98.9% of the cases, respectively. In all casts, caudal branches of both dorsal and ventral arteries supplied the caudal pole. Therefore, the caudal branches of the ventral and dorsal divisions of the renal artery are of utmost importance in the kidney arterial supply. Although many results of renal and intrarenal anatomy in dogs may not be completely transposed to humans, the anatomical relationship between arteries and the collecting system in the cranial pole of the dog kidney is similar to those in man. This fact supports the use of the dog as an animal model for urologic procedures at the cranial pole.
Keywords
  • kidney,
  • artery,
  • dog,
  • models,
  • animal,
  • laparoscopy,
  • training
Publication Date
2007
Citation Information
BPS Marques-Sampaio, MA Pereira-Sampaio, Robert W Henry, Luciano Favorito, et al.. "Dog kidney: Anatomical relationships between intrarenal arteries and kidney collecting system." The Anatomical Record Vol. 290 Iss. 8 (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_henry1/21/