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Cardiovascular health awareness and the effect of an educational intervention on school-aged children in a rural district of India
Open Access Articles
  • Madhab Ray, Tufts University
  • Santanu Guha, Kolkata Medical College
  • Meghna Ray, Andover High School, Andover, MA
  • Anita Kundu, Liberty High School, Bethlehem, PA
  • Bipasha Ray, West Middle School, Andover, MA
  • Kaushik Kundu, St Luke's University
  • Santanu Goswami, Columbia Asia Hospital
  • Deepak Bhatt, Harvard Medical School
  • Harry P. Selker, Tufts University
  • Robert J. Goldberg, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Publication Date
Document Type

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: India is the second most populous country in the world and two-thirds of its population is less than 35 years old. This survey was conducted to assess the level of health awareness of cardiovascular disease in adolescent school-aged children 14-16 years old, with the goal of establishing school-based health education and development of heart-healthy lifestyle practices.

METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted in the rural district of West Midnapore, India between June and July of 2014. This involved a pre-evaluation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) health awareness, a short presentation on CVD, and a post-evaluation of CVD health awareness.

RESULTS: A total of 2995 students (48% response rate) from 20 schools participated in the survey. The mean age of the students in the study sample was 14.7 years, 46% were male, 53% were in the 9th grade, and the rest were in the 10th grade. After assessing students' awareness in six domains with 20 multiple-choice questions with a maximum score of 100, the mean pre-test score was 41.1 (SD+/-10.5) and the mean post-test score was 48.1 (SD+/-16.9) (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of CVD and its risk factors was far from optimal among the adolescent school-aged children in this study. A school-based educational program may help improve awareness of CVD and reduce the future disease burden in the community. The results of this study may be useful in formulating a nationwide school health program to deal with the emerging epidemic of CVD in countries such as India.

  • Cardiovascular disease prevention,
  • Health awareness,
  • Risk factors,
  • School health program,
  • Survey
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Open Access funded by Cardiological Society of India under a Creative Commons license.

DOI of Published Version
Indian Heart J. 2016 Jan-Feb;68(1):43-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2015.10.302. Epub 2016 Jan 11. Link to article on publisher's site
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Link to Article in PubMed
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Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Citation Information
Madhab Ray, Santanu Guha, Meghna Ray, Anita Kundu, et al.. "Cardiovascular health awareness and the effect of an educational intervention on school-aged children in a rural district of India" Vol. 68 Iss. 1 (2016) ISSN: 0019-4832 (Linking)
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