The impact of sleep, stress, and depression on postpartum weight retention: A systematic reviewGSBS Student Publications
GSBS ProgramClinical & Population Health Research
UMMS AffiliationDepartment of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To review the impact of sleep, stress, and/or depression on postpartum weight retention. METHODS: We searched three electronic databases, PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycInfo. Studies were included if they were published between January 1990 and September 2013 in English, measured sleep, stress, and/or depression in the postpartum period, and assessed the association of these factors with postpartum weight retention. Two reviewers reviewed included articles and rated study quality using a modified version of the Downs and Black scale. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met our pre-defined eligibility criteria, reporting on 9 study samples. Two were cross-sectional studies and eleven were longitudinal studies. The study sample size ranged from 74 to 37,127. All four studies examining short sleep duration and postpartum weight retention reported a positive association. The four studies examining postpartum stress and weight retention reported non-significant associations only. Of 7 studies examining postpartum depression and weight retention, 3 reported non-significant associations, and 4 reported positive associations. CONCLUSION: Research investigating the impact of postpartum sleep, stress, depression on weight retention is limited. Future longitudinal studies are needed.
Related ResourcesLink to article in PubMed
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Citation InformationRui Sherry Xiao, Aimee R. Kroll-Desrosiers, Robert J. Goldberg, Sherry L. Pagoto, et al.. "The impact of sleep, stress, and depression on postpartum weight retention: A systematic review" Vol. 77 Iss. 5 (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_goldberg/408/