Skip to main content
Article
Recent trends in the characteristics and prognosis of patients hospitalized with acute heart failure
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • David Park, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • David D. McManus, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Chad E. Darling, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jordan H. Goldberg, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Joel M. Gore, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Darleen M. Lessard, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Robert J. Goldberg, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Emergency Medicine
Date
11-21-2011
Document Type
Article
Medical Subject Headings
Heart Failure
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite the magnitude and impact of heart failure (HF) in the United States, relatively little data are available that describe the prognosis associated with acute HF, especially from the perspective of a population-based investigation. The purpose of this nonconcurrent prospective study was to describe the overall, and changing trends therein, prognosis of 4228 patients discharged from all eleven greater Worcester (MA) medical centers after a documented episode of acute HF and factors associated with an increased risk of dying after hospital discharge.

METHODS: The study population consisted of residents of the Worcester metropolitan area discharged after being hospitalized for acute HF at all greater Worcester medical centers during 1995 (n = 1783) and 2000 (n = 2445).

RESULTS: The 3-month (20% versus 18%), 1-year (41% versus 38%), and 5-year (84% versus 82%) death rates were lower in patients discharged from all metropolitan Worcester hospitals in 2000 versus 1995, respectively. Improving long-term survival rates for patients discharged in 2000 as compared with 1995 were magnified after controlling for several confounding demographic and clinical factors of prognostic importance. A number of potentially modifiable demographic, medical history, and clinical factors were associated with an increased risk of dying during the first year after hospital discharge for acute HF.

CONCLUSION: The results of this community-wide observational study suggest improving trends in the long-term prognosis after acute HF. Despite these encouraging trends, the long-term prognosis for patients with acute HF remains poor, and several at-risk groups can be identified for early intervention and increased monitoring efforts.

Comments

Citation: Clin Epidemiol. 2011;3(1):295-303. Epub 2011 Nov 22. Link to article on publisher's website

Copyright 2011 Park et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.

Related Resources
Link to article in PubMed
PubMed ID
22253547
Citation Information
David Park, David D. McManus, Chad E. Darling, Jordan H. Goldberg, et al.. "Recent trends in the characteristics and prognosis of patients hospitalized with acute heart failure" Vol. 3 Iss. 1 (2011) ISSN: 1179-1349
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_goldberg/331/