Skip to main content
Article
Uses of the case-control and cohort epidemiological approaches in pediatric practice and research
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • Robert J. Goldberg, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Harris Pastides
  • R. Curtis Ellison
  • Robert W. Tuthill
  • Thomas DeWitt
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Publication Date
8-1-1985
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Adolescent; Bronchitis; Child; *Epidemiologic Methods; Feeding Behavior; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; *Pediatrics; Pneumonia; Prospective Studies; Retrospective Studies
Abstract
Increasing reliance is being placed on the use of quantitative epidemiological methods in the conduct and evaluation of pediatric research. The basic design features of two common types of observational studies, the case-control study and the cohort study, are reviewed. Advantages and disadvantages of these two study designs are discussed with emphasis on aspects such as the selection of comparison groups, avoiding selection and recall bias, gathering exposure information, controlling for potentially confounding factors, and methods of analysis. Appreciation of the salient features of these study design approaches should aid the clinician/researcher in the conduct of research endeavors as well as in critically reviewing the medical literature.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Pediatr Res. 1985 Aug;19(8):787-90.
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
Citation Information
Robert J. Goldberg, Harris Pastides, R. Curtis Ellison, Robert W. Tuthill, et al.. "Uses of the case-control and cohort epidemiological approaches in pediatric practice and research" Vol. 19 Iss. 8 (1985) ISSN: 0031-3998 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_goldberg/243/