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Article
Processes of change in smoking cessation: a cross-validation study in cardiac patients
Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Jean L. Kristeller
  • Joseph S. Rossi
  • Judith K. Ockene, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Robert J. Goldberg, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • James O. Prochaska
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Date
1-1-1992
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Adult; Aged; Analysis of Variance; Angina, Unstable; Coronary Disease; Female; Heart Catheterization; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Myocardial Infarction; Patient Compliance; Personality Inventory; Psychometrics; Reproducibility of Results; *Sick Role; Smoking Cessation
Abstract
The processes of change associated with smoking cessation were examined for 213 smokers and recent exsmokers who were scheduled for cardiac catheterization and compared to the processes reported by a sample of 180 nonmedical smokers and exsmokers. Subjects were classified into one of three stages of change depending on their readiness to quit smoking: precontemplation, contemplation, and action. The cardiac sample employed the processes of change more frequently than the nonmedical sample in all stages, but the functional relationship between the stages and processes of change was generally similar for the two groups. The hierarchical structure of the processes of change also was similar for both groups. Differences between the two samples in the use of the processes of change are discussed. These results are the first to support the validity of the stages and processes-of-change model of smoking cessation in a population experiencing severe illness.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Subst Abuse. 1992;4(3):263-76.
Related Resources
Link to article in PubMed
PubMed ID
1458044
Citation Information
Jean L. Kristeller, Joseph S. Rossi, Judith K. Ockene, Robert J. Goldberg, et al.. "Processes of change in smoking cessation: a cross-validation study in cardiac patients" Vol. 4 Iss. 3 (1992) ISSN: 0899-3289 (Print)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_goldberg/119/