Skip to main content
Maternal Factors Related to Parenting Young Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • Lynn K Carey
  • Bonnie C Nicholson, University of Southern Mississippi
  • Robert A. Fox, Marquette University
Document Type
Format of Original
10 p.
Publication Date
Elsevier (WB Saunders)
The purpose of this study was to compare the early child-rearing practices between mothers of young children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and mothers of healthy children. In addition, maternal stress, parental developmental expectations, and the early behavioral and emotional development of their children were explored. Maccoby’s (1992) socialization theory emphasizing the reciprocal nature of mother-child interactions provided the framework for this study. Findings from quantitative self-report measures and videotaped parent-child interactions showed a remarkable similarity between mothers of children with CHD and mothers of healthy children. In contrast, qualitative data revealed important differences with mothers of CHD children reporting high levels of vigilance with their children. The important role of promoting the principle of normalization among mothers of children with CHD and ensuring a sufficient support system is discussed.

Accepted version. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, Vol. 17, No. 3 (June 2002): 174-183. DOI.

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Pediatric Nursing. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Pediatric Nursing, VOL 17, ISSUE 3, June 2002, DOI.

Citation Information
Lynn K Carey, Bonnie C Nicholson and Robert A. Fox. "Maternal Factors Related to Parenting Young Children with Congenital Heart Disease" Journal of Pediatric Nursing (2002) ISSN: 0882-5963
Available at: