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Contribution to Book
“Unfree" labour on the cattle stations of Northern Australia, the Tea Gardens of Assam, and the rubber plantations of Indo-China, 1920–50
Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)
  • Robert Castle, University of Wollongong
  • James Hagan, University of Wollongong
  • Andrew Wells, University of Wollongong
RIS ID
56730
Publication Date
1-1-2007
Publication Details

Castle, R., Hagan, J. & Wells, A. (2007). “Unfree" labour on the cattle stations of Northern Australia, the Tea Gardens of Assam, and the rubber plantations of Indo-China, 1920–50. In E. Alpers, G. Campbell & M. Salman (Eds.), Resisting Bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia (pp. 96-113). London: Routledge.

Abstract

This chapter examines unfree labour in three industries in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It focuses on the forms and consequences of protest which arose amongst workers in these industries in response to the conditions under which they were employed. The Assamese tea industry, Vietnamese rubber plantations and Northern Australian cattle ranching used differing means of production, technology and investment but all relied on colonial governments to enable them to recruit and retain a 'contracted' labour force. The forms of the labour relationship varied but led to protests which often took on a wider meaning in struggles for liberation.

Link to publisher version (URL)
Routledge
Citation Information
Robert Castle, James Hagan and Andrew Wells. "“Unfree" labour on the cattle stations of Northern Australia, the Tea Gardens of Assam, and the rubber plantations of Indo-China, 1920–50" (2007) p. 96 - 113
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_castle/26/