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Comparing the Effects of Myristic Acid- and TAT-conjugated Peptides to Their Native Counterparts Targeting Intracellular Pathways Mediating Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury and Neutrophil Superoxide Release
Current Topics in Peptide and Protein Research
  • Lindon H. Young, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Robert J. Barsotti, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Israel Benjamin, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • H. Patel, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Tejash T. Patel, Department of Developmental Therapeutics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Qian Chen, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2016
Abstract
Two commonly used modifications of native peptides to increase peptide permeability through the cell membrane to target intracellular substrates are myristic acid conjugated peptides (MYR) and transactivating conjugated peptides (TAT). However, there is limited literature comparing the effects of these two types of modified peptides in the same bioassay. The objective of this mini-review is to compare the effects of MYR- and TAT-conjugated peptides in two bioassays: 1) Myocardial ischemiareperfusion injury (I/R) in isolated perfused rat hearts using a mitochondrial fission peptide inhibitor, P110; 2) N-Formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-LPhenylalanine (fMLP)-induced superoxide (SO) release from isolated rat neutrophils using a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase peptide assembly inhibitor, Nox2ds. MYR-conjugated P110 (1 μM) exerted sustained improvement in post-reperfused cardiac function combined with reduced infarct size compared to TAT-conjugated P110 (1 μM) or native P110 peptide (1 μM) in hearts subjected to I(30 min)/ R(90 min). Nox2ds data suggested that MYRconjugated Nox2ds peptide exerted more potent effects and better permeability through the cell membrane to attenuate fMLP-induced SO release from rat neutrophils when compared to TAT-conjugated Nox2ds peptide. However, further metabolism studies are needed to determine peptide half-life between the MYR- and TAT-conjugated peptides to corroborate the pharmacodynamics studies.
Comments

This article was published in Current Topics in Peptide and Protein Research, Volume 17, Pages 83-90.

The published version is available at http://www.researchtrends.net/tia/abstract.asp?in=0&vn=17&tid=26&aid=5935&pub=2016&type=.

Copyright © 2016.

Citation Information
Lindon H. Young, Robert J. Barsotti, Israel Benjamin, H. Patel, et al.. "Comparing the Effects of Myristic Acid- and TAT-conjugated Peptides to Their Native Counterparts Targeting Intracellular Pathways Mediating Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury and Neutrophil Superoxide Release" Current Topics in Peptide and Protein Research Vol. 17 (2016) p. 83 - 90
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert_barsotti/43/