Nociceptor and age specific effects of REM sleep deprivation induced hyperalgesia.Behavioral Brain Research (2005)
REM sleep deprivation (REMSD) has been shown to increase rates of negatively reinforced operant behavior, but not operant responding maintained by positive reinforcement. The reason for this differential effect is currently unknown. We hypothesize that REMSD can increase sensitivity to noxious stimuli. In the present study, we sought to determine if REMSD was associated with a change in response to noxious heat (i.e., altered nociceptive sensitivity). Two groups of rats, aged 6 and 22 months, were subjected to hotplate algesia testing at two different temperatures (44 and 52 degrees C). Initially, baseline numbers of responses and total response time were obtained at 44 degrees C. Animals then were exposed to 48 h of REMSD or control conditions. The frequency and duration of hindpaw responses (licking and guarding) increased for young animals only after REMSD and none of the control conditions. Old rats showed increased duration of nocifensive responding after REMSD and tank control conditions without a change in the number of responses at 44 degrees C. Latency to first nocifensive response was significantly longer in the 44 degrees C hotplate tests, but decreased to levels observed throughout the 52 degrees C hotplate tests following REMSD and TC conditions. These findings suggest that REMSD increases nociceptive sensitivity under conditions of sustained, selective C nociceptor activation (42 degrees C), but not under conditions of phasic A-delta activation (52 degrees C). The findings also indicate that age can be a significant variable in REMSD studies.
- REM sleep deprivation; Hyperalgesia; Negative reinforcement; Hotplate; Rat
Publication DateApril 15, 2005
Citation InformationRobert H. Kline. "Nociceptor and age specific effects of REM sleep deprivation induced hyperalgesia." Behavioral Brain Research Vol. 159 Iss. 1 (2005) p. 89 - 94
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/robert-kline/4/