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A relational contract for water demand management
Urban Water Journal (2012)
  • R K Amit
  • Parthasarathy Ramachandran
For necessary goods like water, under supply constraints, fairness considerations lead to negative externalities. The objective of this paper is to design an infinite horizon contract or relational contract (a type of long-term contract) that ensures self-enforcing (instead of court-enforced) behaviour by the agents to mitigate the externality due to fairness issues. In this contract, the consumer is induced to consume at firm-supply level using the threat of higher fair price for future time periods. The pricing mechanism, computed in this paper, internalizes the externality and is shown to be economically efficient and provides revenue sufficiency.
Publication Date
October 9, 2012
Citation Information
R K Amit and Parthasarathy Ramachandran. "A relational contract for water demand management" Urban Water Journal (2012)
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