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Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores, in eastern Indonesia
Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers
  • Michael J Morwood, University of Wollongong
  • R P Soejono, Indonesian Centre for Archaeology
  • Richard G Roberts, University of Wollongong
  • T. Sutikna, Indonesian Centre for Archaeology
  • Christian S Turney, University of Wollongong
  • Kira E Westaway, University of Wollongong
  • W J Rink, McMaster University
  • Jian-xin Zhao, University Of Queensland
  • Gerrit D Van Den Bergh, University of Wollongong
  • Rokhus Awe Due, National Research and Development Centre for Archaeology, Indonesia
  • Douglas Hobbs, University of New England
  • M W Moore, University of New England
  • M Bird, University of St Andrews
  • L K Fifield, Australian National University
Publication Date
Publication Details

Morwood, M. J., Soejono, R. P., Roberts, R. G., Sutikna, T., Turney, C. S., Westaway, K. E., Rink, W. J., Zhao, J., Van Den Bergh, G. D., Awe Due, R., Hobbs, D., Moore, M. W., Bird, M. & Fifield, L. K. (2004). Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia. Nature, 431 1087-1091.

Excavations at Liang Bua, a large limestone cave on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, have yielded evidence for a population of tiny hominins, sufficiently distinct anatomically to be assigned to a new species, Homo floresiensis1. The finds comprise the cranial and some post-cranial remains of one individual, as well as a premolar from another individual in older deposits. Here we describe their context, implications and the remaining archaeological uncertainties. Dating by radiocarbon (14C), luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance (ESR) methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr. Associated deposits contain stone artefacts and animal remains, including Komodo dragon and an endemic, dwarfed species of Stegodon. H. floresiensis originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus (including specimens referred to as Homo ergaster and Homo georgicus)1 that reached Flores, and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently. It overlapped significantly in time with Homo sapiens in the region2, 3, but we do not know if or how the two species interacted.
Citation Information
Michael J Morwood, R P Soejono, Richard G Roberts, T. Sutikna, et al.. "Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores, in eastern Indonesia" (2004)
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