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Article
Climate change impacts on mycotoxin risks in US maize
World Mycotoxin Journal
  • F. Wu, University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus
  • D. Bhatnagar, United States Department of Agriculture
  • T. Bui-Klimke, University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus
  • I. Carbone, North Carolina State University at Raleigh
  • Richard L Hellmich, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Gary P. Munkvold, Iowa State University
  • P. Paul, Ohio State University - Main Campus
  • G. Payne, North Carolina State University at Raleigh
  • Eugene S. Takle, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
2-1-2011
DOI
10.3920/WMJ2010.1246
Abstract
To ensure future food security, it is crucial to understand how potential climate change scenarios will affect agriculture. One key area of interest is how climatic factors, both in the near- and the long-term future, could affect fungal infection of crops and mycotoxin production by these fungi. The objective of this paper is to review the potential impact of climate change on three important mycotoxins that contaminate maize in the United States, and to highlight key research questions and approaches for understanding this impact. Recent climate change analyses that pertain to agriculture and in particular to mycotoxigenic fungi are discussed, with respect to the climatic factors – temperature and relative humidity – at which they thrive and cause severe damage. Additionally, we discuss how climate change will likely alter the life cycles and geographic distribution of insects that are known to facilitate fungal infection of crops.
Comments

This article is from World Mycotoxin Journal; 4 (2011); 79-93; doi: 10.3920/WMJ2010.1246

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2014-09-02
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
F. Wu, D. Bhatnagar, T. Bui-Klimke, I. Carbone, et al.. "Climate change impacts on mycotoxin risks in US maize" World Mycotoxin Journal Vol. 4 Iss. 1 (2011) p. 79 - 93
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/richard_hellmich/88/