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Surrogate species selection for assessing potential adverse environmental impacts of genetically engineered insect-resistant plants on non-target organisms
GM Crops & Food
  • Keri Carstens, DuPoint Pioneer
  • Bonifacio Cayabyab, University of the Philippines Los Baños
  • Adinda De Schrijver, Institute of Public Health, Belgium
  • Patricia G. Gadaleta, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
  • Richard L. Hellmich, Iowa State University
  • Jörg Romeis, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART
  • Nicholas Storer, Dow AgroSciences LLC
  • Fernando H. Valicente, National Research Center for Milo and Sorghum, Brazil
  • Michael Wach, ILSI Research Foundation; Washington
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-23-2013
DOI
10.4161/gmcr.26560
Abstract

Most regulatory authorities require that developers of genetically engineered insect-resistant (GEIR) crops evaluate the potential for these crops to have adverse impacts on valued non-target organisms (NTOs), i.e., organisms not intended to be controlled by the trait. In many cases, impacts to NTOs are assessed using surrogate species, and it is critical that the data derived from surrogates accurately predict any adverse impacts likely to be observed from the use of the crop in the agricultural context. The key is to select surrogate species that best represent the valued NTOs in the location where the crop is going to be introduced, but this selection process poses numerous challenges for the developers of GE crops who will perform the tests, as well as for the ecologists and regulators who will interpret the test results. These issues were the subject of a conference “Surrogate Species Selection for Assessing Potential Adverse Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants on Non-Target Organisms” convened by the Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, ILSI Research Foundation. This report summarizes the proceedings of the conference, including the presentations, discussions and the points of consensus agreed to by the participants.

Comments

This article is from GM Crops & Food 5 (2013): 11–15, doi:10.4161/gmcr.26560.

Rights
Available under a CC BY-NC license.
Language
en
Date Available
2014-07-03
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Keri Carstens, Bonifacio Cayabyab, Adinda De Schrijver, Patricia G. Gadaleta, et al.. "Surrogate species selection for assessing potential adverse environmental impacts of genetically engineered insect-resistant plants on non-target organisms" GM Crops & Food Vol. 5 Iss. 1 (2013) p. 11 - 15
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/richard_hellmich/29/