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Article
Use of insect repellents for dispersing defending honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Journal of Economic Entomology
  • Anita M. Collins, United States Department of Agriculture
  • William L. Rubink, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Jose I. Cuadriello Aguilar, Unidad Tapachula
  • Richard L Hellmich, United States Department of Agriculture
Document Type
Article
Disciplines
Publication Date
1-1-1996
Abstract

Some ecotypes of the honey bee, Apis mellifera L., show excessive levels of colony defense that have occasionally resulted in human and animal deaths. In cases where death has occurred, the victim, animal or human, has often been confined or panicked into an area from which it cannot escape. Our study was done to evaluate the use of repellents to reduce the severity of the stinging during accidental disturbances of excessively defensive colonies. Three mosquito repellents (diethyl-meta-toluamide, 2-ethyl-1,3-hexandiol, and dimethyl phthlate) and 2 odiferous compounds known to be repellent to honey bees (benzaldehyde and menthol) were tested in European (Texas) and Africanized (Mexico) apiaries by victims in protective clothing. When sprayed as an aerosol at the defending worker bees, all the compounds significantly reduced the number of bees around the victim and the number of stings in a patch of suede exposed during the test. DEET was consistently the most effective repellent. A number of materials could be developed as repellents for emergency use by individuals that are at high risk of encountering wild honey bee colonies in the course of their daily activity.

Comments

This article is from Journal of Economic Entomology 89 (1996): 608-613.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2014-09-08
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Anita M. Collins, William L. Rubink, Jose I. Cuadriello Aguilar and Richard L Hellmich. "Use of insect repellents for dispersing defending honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)" Journal of Economic Entomology Vol. 89 Iss. 3 (1996) p. 608 - 613
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/richard_hellmich/137/