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The determinants of Bribery
African Development Review (2016)
  • riccardo pelizzo
  • eduardo araral, National University of Singapore
  • anton pak, nazarbayev university
  • xun wu, National University of Singapore
The paper investigates the determinants of bribery in sub-Saharan Africa by using probit models and data from
the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey of 10,457 firms in 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa from 2009 to 2013. By doing so we
find that securing a government contract is the most significant motivation for bribery and that overall, the propensity to bribe
depends on the size of the firm as well as the predictability of the regulatory environment. Our findings have similarities and
differences compared to Asian firms. The paper also highlights that the incidence and the determinants of bribery vary across the
four sub-regions. On the basis of this evidence we suggest that when it comes to anti-corruption strategies, one size does not fit all
and that country-specific and region-specific strategies should be adopted to address context-specific needs and conditions.
  • corruption,
  • bribery,
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
Publication Date
June 17, 2016
Citation Information
riccardo pelizzo, eduardo araral, anton pak and xun wu. "The determinants of Bribery" African Development Review Vol. 28 Iss. 2 (2016) p. 229 - 240
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