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Article
Adaptive Behavior in Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified: Microanalysis of Scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales
Speech-Language Pathology Faculty Publications
  • Rhea Paul, Sacred Heart University
  • Stephanie Miles, Yale Child Study Center
  • Domenic Cicchetti, Yale Child Study Center
  • Sara Sparrow, Yale Child Study Center
  • Ami Klin, Yale Child Study Center
  • Fred Volkmar, Yale Child Study Center
  • Megan Coflin
  • Shelley Booker
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
4-1-2004
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide a microanalysis of differences in adaptive functioning seen between well-matched groups of school-aged children with autism and those diagnosed as having Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, all of whom functioned in the mild to moderate range of intellectual impairment. Findings indicate that the major area of difference between children with autism and those with Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, was expressive communication; specifically, the use of elaborations in syntax and morphology and in pragmatic use of language to convey and to seek information in discourse. Linear discriminant function analysis revealed that scores on just three of these expressive communication item sets correctly identified subjects in the two diagnostic categories with 80% overall accuracy. Implications of these findings for both diagnosis and intervention with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders will be discussed.

Comments

PMID: 15162940

Citation Information
Paul, Rhea et al. "Adaptive Behavior in Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified: Microanalysis of Scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales." Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders 34.2 (2004): 223-228.