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Communicative Initiations in Normal and Late-Talking Toddlers
Speech-Language Pathology Faculty Publications
  • Rhea Paul,
  • Mary E. Shiffer
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Publication Date
Initiation of communication in videotaped, unstructured mother–child interactions was examined in two groups of 2-year-olds: those with normal language development and those with late acquisition of expressive language. Results revealed that the late-talkers (LTs) expressed significantly fewer intentions, but that the difference between the two groups could be accounted for entirely by the difference in one type of intention: the expression of joint attentional intentions. Investigation of the forms of expression of intentions showed that the normal group used significantly more verbal forms of expression, as expected. The predominant form for the normal group was word combinations, while the predominant form for the LTs was vocalization. The implications of these results for understanding the mechanisms involved in early language delay are discussed.

Originally published:

Paul, R. & Shiffer, M. "Expression of communicative intention in normal and late-talking toddlers." Applied Psycholinguistics 12 (1991): 416-432.

Citation Information
Rhea Paul and Mary E. Shiffer. "Communicative Initiations in Normal and Late-Talking Toddlers" (1991)
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