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Outsider Ethnic Minorities and Wage Determination in China
International Labour Review (2019)
  • Andrew MacDonald, University of Louisville
  • Reza Hasmath, University of Alberta
The literature on ethnic minorities in China has a significant puzzle: in some studies, urban minorities perceive lower wages relative to the majority Han, while in other studies there is little to no evidence of this wage gap. There is not a clear theoretical expectation as to how these findings could simultaneously be true suggesting that new theory-building is necessary. We propose that the primary issue, and a potential solution, is the failure to fully disaggregate ethnic minority groups’ labour market experiences. We leverage a new, large dataset solely looking at ethnic minorities in China to explore this divergence. Our results suggest outsider minorities, e.g. Tibetans and Turkic groups, have a 20-25 percent wage penalty controlling for covariates, while minorities in aggregate do not appear to have a significant wage gap. These findings are robust across several different specifications, and have notable theoretical and policy implications.
  • Outsider Ethnic Minorities,
  • Tibetans,
  • Uyghur,
  • Kazak,
  • Han,
  • Wages,
  • Jobs,
  • Asia,
  • China
Publication Date
Citation Information
MacDonald, A. and Hasmath, R. (2019) “Outsider Ethnic Minorities and Wage Determination in China”, International Labour Review 158.