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Article
The interaction of nitrous oxide and fentanyl on the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane blocking motor movement (MACNM) in dogs
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research (2014)
  • Reza Seddighi, DVM, MS, PhD, Dip ACVA, cVMA, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Thomas J. Doherty, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Butch Kukanich
  • Christine M. Egger, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Melissa A. Henn
  • Whitney M. Long
  • Barton W. Rohrbach, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Abstract

The study objective was to determine the effects of 70% nitrous oxide (N2O) and fentanyl on the end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane necessary to prevent movement (MACNM) in response to noxious stimulation in dogs. Six healthy, adult, intact male, mixed-breed dogs were used on 3 occasions in a randomized crossover design. After induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane, each of the following treatments was randomly administered: fentanyl loading dose (Ld) of 15 µg/kg and infusion of 6 µg/kg per hour [treatment 1 (T1)], 70% N2O (T2), or fentanyl (Ld of 15 µg/kg and infusion of 6 µg/kg per hour) combined with 70% N2O (T3). Each dog received each of the 3 treatments once during the 3-week period. Determination of MACNM was initiated 90 min after the start of each treatment. The values were compared using the baseline MACNM, which had been determined in a previous study on the same group of dogs. Data were analyzed using a mixed-model analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey-Kramer tests, and expressed as least squares mean ± SEM. The baseline MACNM decreased by 36.6 ± 4.0%, 15.0 ± 4.0%, and 46.0 ± 4.0% for T1, T2, and T3, respectively (P < 0.05), and differed (P < 0.05) among treatments. Mean fentanyl plasma concentrations did not differ (P ≥ 0.05) between T1 (3.70 ± 0.56 ng/mL) and T3 (3.50 ± 0.56 ng/mL). The combination of fentanyl and N2O resulted in a greater sevoflurane MACNM sparing effect than either treatment alone.

Disciplines
Publication Date
July, 2014
Citation Information
Reza Seddighi, Thomas J. Doherty, Butch Kukanich, Christine M. Egger, et al.. "The interaction of nitrous oxide and fentanyl on the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane blocking motor movement (MACNM) in dogs" Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research Vol. 78 Iss. 3 (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/reza_seddighi/25/