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Article
Latinas/os in Science and Engineering: Trends in Doctorates
Journal of Hispanic Higher Education (2007)
  • Refugio I. Rochin
Abstract

Abstract for Rochin & Mello (2007)

Latinas/os in Science & Engineering is a study of the patterns and trends of Latina/o doctorates in U.S. fields of STEM – Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics. The study uses data from NSF and the US Department of Education to address these questions: What is the trend in doctoral degree completion in fields of STEM? What fields are pursued? What is the citizenship status of Latina/o doctorates? What are the baccalaureate origins of Latina/o doctorates? What roles do community colleges and Hispanic Serving Institutions play in serving Latinas/os?

A review of the literature is presented. The authors find the literature focusing on Latinas/os as failures in the pipeline for doctorates and careers in STEM and not a likely to contribute nationally to America’s leadership in Science and Engineering (S & E). The authors argue that another perspective is needed. Using recent data and reports, they suggest a new perspective, using the Pyramid of Higher Education metaphor that focuses on ways that Latinas/os have succeeded through the complex tiers of institutional barriers and high costs of education. New information on the numbers of Latinas/os in fields of S & E is provided.

Resumen

Se reporta que individuos latinos no son considerados nacionalmente un asunto importante al considerar el liderazgo en ciencias e ingeniería (C & I) en los EUA.

Se usa como metáfora la pirámide de educación secundaria, la cual enfoca en barreras institucionales y el progreso de latinos en obtener niveles altos de C & I. Se provee nueva información en cuanto a los números de latinos en los campos de C & I. Se contemplan éstas preguntas: ¿Qué áreas se estudian? ¿Cuál es la ciudadanía de doctorados latinos? ¿Cuáles son los orígenes preparatorios de doctorados latinos? ¿Qué papeles juegan los colegios comunitarios (preparatorias) y las instituciones de servicio hispano al atender la educación de latinos?

Keywords
  • Latinos,
  • Hispanics,
  • Science,
  • Engineering,
  • Doctorates,
  • STEM
Disciplines
Publication Date
Fall October, 2007
Publisher Statement
Edited version of manuscript published in the Journal of Hispanic Higher Education by SAGE Publications and Sponsored by the American Association of Hispanics in Higher Education and the Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation. Vol. 6, Number 4, October 2007, pp.305-355.
Citation Information
Refugio I. Rochin. "Latinas/os in Science and Engineering: Trends in Doctorates" Journal of Hispanic Higher Education Vol. 6 Iss. 4 (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/refugio_rochin/6/