It is demonstrated that the efficiency of the electromagnetic generation of ultrasonic surface waves in ferrous metals is strongly influenced by superimposed elastic strains. A graph of efficiency versus applied magnetic field has many features, and the changes of these in Armco iron and 1018 Steel are reported for the strain range −3×10−3 <Δl/l <3×10−3 (‖calculated stress‖<620 MN/m2 or 90 KSI). Striking changes are observed, particularly for fields below 200 Oe. The results are interpreted in terms of the strain dependence of the magnetostrictive properties of the material. Possible applications of the effect to nondestructively measure residual stress are considered.
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