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Transglutaminase activity in equine strongyles and its potential role in growth and development
Parasite (1999)
  • U. R. Rao, Louisiana State University
  • M. R. Chapman, Louisiana State University
  • Ravindra N. Singh, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  • K. Metha, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  • T. R. Klei, Louisiana State University
Transglutaminases (E.C. are a family of Ca2+-dependent enzymes that stabilize protein structure by catalyzing the formation of isopeptide bonds. A novel form of transglutaminase has been identified and characterized that seem to play an important role in growth, development, and molting in adult and larval stages of filarial nematodes. The aim of this study was to identify the ubiquitous nature of this enzyme in other nematodes and to measure its significance to larval growth, molting, and development. For this purpose, equine Strongylus spp. were used. Activity of this enzyme was identified in extracts of larvae and adults of Strongylus vulgaris, S. edentatus, Parascaris equorum and Cylicocyclus insigne. The significance of transglutaminase in the early growth and development of Strongylus vulgaris, S. edentatus and S. equinus was tested by adding specific inhibitors, monodansylcadaverine (MDC) or cystamine (CS), to in vitro cultures of third (L3) and fourth stage larvae (L4). The viability, molting and growth of these nematode species were affected by both inhibitors. Cystamine promoted abnormal development of Strongylus edentatus L3, resulting in an aberrant expansion of the anterior end. Addition of these inhibitors to cultures of L4 also reduced growth of the three species. The results indicated that transglutaminase is present in a wide array of nematode parasites and may be important in growth and development of their larval stages.
  • equine,
  • strongyles,
  • L3,
  • L4,
  • transglutaminase,
  • growth,
  • molting,
  • inhibitors,
  • monodansylcadaverine (MDC),
  • cystamine (CS).
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This is an article from Parasite 6 (1999): 131, doi:10.1051/parasite/1999062131
Posted with permission. Copyright 1999 PRINCEPS Editions, Paris
Citation Information
U. R. Rao, M. R. Chapman, Ravindra N. Singh, K. Metha, et al.. "Transglutaminase activity in equine strongyles and its potential role in growth and development" Parasite Vol. 6 Iss. 2 (1999) p. 131 - 139
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