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Article
Butter, Guns and Ice-Cream, Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
Defence and Peace Economics (2010)
  • Raul Caruso
Abstract

This paper is intended to complement the existing literature on civil wars. First, it presents a simple theoretical model of conflict that defines a two-sector economy. In a contested sector, two agents struggle to appropriate the maximum possible fraction of a contestable output. In an uncontested sector, they hold secure property rights over the production of some goods. Agents split their resource endowment between 'butter', 'guns' and 'ice-cream'. Following the theoretical insights the empirical analysis focuses on the relationship between civil wars and different sectors of the economy. In particular, a panel probit specification shows that the incidence of a civil war decreases in the size of manufacturing sector.

Keywords
  • This paper is intended to complement the existing literature on civil wars. First,
  • it presents a simple theoretical model of conflict that defines a two-sector economy. In a contested sector,
  • two agents struggle to appropriate the maximum possible fraction of a contestable output. In an uncontested sector,
  • they hold secure property rights over the production of some goods. Agents split their resource endowment between 'butter',
  • 'guns' and 'ice-cream'. Following the theoretical insights the empirical analysis focuses on the relationship between civil wars and different sectors of the economy. In particular,
  • a panel probit specification shows that the incidence of a civil war decreases in the size of manufacturing sector.
Disciplines
Publication Date
2010
Citation Information
Raul Caruso. "Butter, Guns and Ice-Cream, Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa" Defence and Peace Economics Vol. 21 Iss. 3 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/raul_caruso/34/